Alice Guy

Portrait Alice Guy
Director, Producer - France
Born July 1, 1873 in Paris
Died March 24, 1968 in Mahwah, NJ, US
Other names or known as : Alice Guy-Blaché, Alice Blaché,

Mini-Biography:
Alice Guy was born on July 1, 1873 in Paris. She was a French Director, Producer, known for Mireille (1906), The Empress (1917), The Ocean Waif (1916), Alice Guy's first movie on record is from 1898. Alice Guy died on March 24, 1968 in Mahwah, NJ, US. Her last motion picture on file dates from 1920.
Biographical Notes in German: In Frankreich geborene Regisseurin des französischen und amerikanischen Films, die allgemein als die erste Frau gilt, die im Film Regie führte. Zwischen 1896 und 1902 inszeniert sie mehrere hundert Kurzfilme und über 20 Spielfilme, produzierte über 100 Filme mit synchronisiertem Ton und war die erste Frau, die ihr eigenes Filmstudio besass und leitete.

Alice Guy lebt bis zum Alter von vier Jahren in Carouge bei ihrer Grossmutter auf, 1877-79 weilt sie bei ihren Eltern in Santiago/Chile, kehrt dann in die Klosterschule nach Veyrier/Genf zurück. 1884 kehrt ihr Vater aus Chile zurück, nachdem Erdbeben und Feuer dort seine Existenz zerstörten, zwei Jahre danach kehrt auch die Mutter zurück, kurz darauf stirbt der Vater, und Alice beendet in bescheidenen Verhältnissen ihre Schule in Paris. Als gelernte Stenotypistin wird sie 1894 Sekretärin bei Léon Gaumont, Partner in Felix Richards Kamera-Fabrik "Le Comptoir général de photographie". Im Januar 1895 sieht sie eine Vorführung von Georges Demenÿs "Phonoscope" und seiner 60 mm Filmkamera "Biographe". Nachdem im July 1895 Richard faillierte, übernahm Léon Gaumont Inventar und Firma und erwarb kurz danach das Patent für die Filmkamera. Nachdem Gaumont und Alice Guy eine erste Vorführung von Lumières "Cinématographe" gesehen hatte, bat Guy ihren Chef um Erlaubnis, mit der Gaumont-Kamera einen Film mit einer Spielhandlung zu drehen. Im Frühjar 1896 dreht Alice Guy nach ihren eigenen Worten ihren ersten (Kurz-)Film "La Fée aux choux".

Alice Guy Filmography [Auszug]
1920: [03.14] Tarnished Reputations (A Soul Adrift (Working title)) (Director: (AKA Alice Blaché)), Directed by Léonce Perret, with Dolores Cassinelli, Alan Roscoe, Georges Deneubourg,
1918: [03.10] The Great Adventure (Director), with Bessie Love, Flora Finch, Donald Hall,
1917: [09.03] Behind the Mask (Director: (AKA Alice Blaché) ), with Catherine Calvert, Richard Tucker, Kirke Brown,
1917: [07.16] When You and I Were Young (Director: (AKA Alice Guy Blaché)), with Alma Hanlon, Louis Thiel, Harry Benham,
1917: [03.11] The Empress (Scenario), with Doris Kenyon, Holbrook Blinn, William A. Morse,
1917: [02.15] The Adventurer (Director), with Marian Swayne, Pell Trenton, Ethel Stanard,
1916: [01.17] The Lure of Heart's Desire (Producer), Directed by Francis J. Grandon, with Evelyn Brent,
1916: [11.02] The Ocean Waif (Director), with Carlyle Blackwell, Augusta Burmeister, Lyn Donelson,
1916: [10.02] The Iron Woman (Producer), Directed by Carl Harbaugh, with Nance O'Neil, Einar Linden, Alfred Hickman,
1916: [05.15] The Spell of the Yukon (Producer), Directed by Burton L. King, with Edmund Breese, Arthur Hoops, Christine Mayo,
1916: [04.17] Playing with Fire (Producer), Directed by Francis J. Grandon, with Olga Petrova, Arthur Hoops, Evelyn Brent,
1916: [03.05] The Soul Market (Producer), Directed by Francis J. Grandon, with Olga Petrova, Arthur Hoops, John Merkyl,
1916: [01.03] What Will People Say? (Director), with Olga Petrova, Fritz de Lindt, Fraunie Fraunholz,
1915: [11.28] Barbara Frietchie (Producer: AKA Alice Blaché), Directed by Herbert Blaché, with Mrs. Thomas Whiffen, Mary Miles Minter, Guy Coombs,
1915: [10/04] The Song of the Wage Slave (Director), Directed by Herbert Blaché, with Edmund Breese, Helen Martin, J Byrnes,
1915: [08.09] The Vampire (Director: (AKA Alice Blaché)), with Olga Petrova, Vernon Steele, William A. Morse,
1915: [05.02] The Shooting of Dan McGrew (Director), with Edmund Breese, William A. Morse, Kathryn Adams,
1915: [04.19] The Heart of a Painted Woman (Director), with Olga Petrova, Evelyn Brent, Fraunie Fraunholz,
1914: [12.07] The Tigress (Director), with Olga Petrova, Reginald Barker,
1914: [08.24] The Lure (Director), with James O'Neill, Fraunie Fraunholz, Kirah Markham,
1914: [10.19] Michael Strogoff (Director: (--??--)), Directed by Lloyd B. Carleton, with Jacob Adler, Daniel Makarenko, Eleanor Barry,
1914: [05.10] The Woman of Mystery (Director: (AKA Alice Blaché) ), with Vinnie Burns, Fraunie Fraunholz, Claire Whitney,
1914: [03.00] The Dream Woman (Director: as Alice Blaché ), with Fraunie Fraunholz, Claire Whitney, Joseph Levering,
1914: [02.00] Beneath the Czar (Director: (AKA Alice Blaché) ), with Claire Whitney, Fraunie Fraunholz,
1913: [12.26] Shadows of the Moulin Rouge (Director: (AKA Alice Blaché)), with Fraunie Fraunholz, Claire Whitney, Joseph Levering,
1913: [06.11] Matrimony's Speed Limit (Director), with Marian Swayne, Billy Quirk, Flora Finch,
1913: [05.02] A House Divided (Director), with Fraunie Fraunholz, Marian Swayne,
1913: [04.16] Dick Whittington and his Cat (Director), with Vinnie Burns, Darwin Karr, Julia Hurley,
1912: [12/27] The Woman Behind the Man (Director), with Blanche Cornwall, Sally Crute, Darwin Karr,
1912: [12.13] The Girl in the Armchair (Director), with Blanche Cornwall, Darwin Karr, Lee Beggs,
1912: [10.11] A Fool and his money (Director), with James Russell,
1912: [08.16] The Strike (Director), with Darwin Karr, Blanche Cornwall, Lee Beggs,
1912: [08.07] Two little Rangers (Director), with Vinnie Burns, Darwin Karr, Blanche Cornwall,
1912: [04.24] The Sewer (Producer), Directed by Edward Warren, with Darwin Karr, Magda Foy, William Leverton,
1912: [03.15] Falling Leaves (Director), with Mace Greenleave, Blanche Cornwall, Marian Swayne,
1912: [02.28] Algie, the Miner (Producer: producer), Directed by Edward Warren, with Billy Quirk, Mary Foy,
1912: [01.19] Man's a man (Director), with Lee Beggs,
1911: [06/30] Greater Love hath no Man (Director), with Vinnie Burns, Romaine Fielding,
1911: [06.11] Cupid and the Comet (Director),
1911: [02/17] Mixed Pets (Director), with Blanche Cornwall,
1910: [] A Child's Sacrifice (Director), with Magda Foy,
1908: [] Une Héroine de quatres ans (Director: (--??--)),
1907: [] Fanfan la Tulipe (Director),
1907: [] Sur les Barricades (Director),
1906: [] Mireille (Director: AKA Alice Guy-Blachet), Directed by Louis Feuillade,
1906: [] La Femme collante (Director),
1906: [] Le marâtre (Director),
1905: [] Le Tango (Director),
1900: [] Paris: exposition universelle - Panorama de la Seine (Director),
1900: [] Danses des saisons: l'hiver, danse de la neige (Director),
1900: [] Paris: exposition universelle (Director),
1900: [] Avenue de l'Opéra (Director),
1900: [] Panorama Circulaire sur le pont d'Iéna (Director),
1900: [] Chapellerie et charcuterie mécaniques (Director),
1900: [] La Concièrge (Director),
1900: [] Expo 1900: le vieux Paris (Director),
1900: [] Danse Serpentine (Director),
1899: [] Au Cabaret (Director),
1899: [] Chez le maréchal-ferrant (Director),
1899: [] La bonne absinthe (Director),
1899: [] Pédiluve (Director),
1899: [] Charge à la baïonette d'un régiment de ligne (Director),
1899: [] Dans les mines: entré des bennes dans la mine (Director),
1898: [05/00] La Fée aux Choux (Director),

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